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- CERVICAL SPONDYLOSIS AND ITS AYURVEDIC TREATMENT In Ayurveda Cervical spondylosis is discussed
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Antidysenteric Herbs of Ayurveda
Herbs that help in curing dysentery which is an inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract, usually caused by bacterial or parasitic infection and resulting pain or fever or diarrhoea.
Antidiarrhoeal agents reduce both the frequency and urgency of diarrhoea but these agents does not reduce the need for fluid replacement.
Botanical Name : Abrus Precatorius
Family Name : Fabaceae
Common Name : : Rosary Pea, Jequerity, Crab's Eye, Precatory Bean, Tento Muido, Cain Ghe, Graines Reglisse, Weesboontje, Rakat, Hint Meyankoku, Hung Tou, Jequerit, Liane Reglisse, Ma Liao Tou, Paratella, Paternoste
Part Used : Seeds, Leaves.
Habitat : Throughout central india.
Product offered : Seeds, leaves.
Uses : Seeds are abortifacient, anodyne, aphrodisiac, antimicrobial, diuretic, emetic, expectorant, febrifuge, hemostat, laxative, purgative, refrigerant and sedative. Vermifuge paste of seeds is applied locally in sciatica, stiffness of shoulder joints and paralysis. Seeds are highly poisonous. Roots are used for gonorrhoea, jaundice and haemoglobinuric bile. Powdered seeds are said to disturb the uterine functions and prevent conception in women. The oil extracted from seeds is said to promote the growth of human hair.
Botanical Name : Acacia Catechu
Family Name : Mimosacaae
Common Name : Cutch Tree, Catechu, Black Cutch
Part Used : Bark And Heartwood
Habitat : Found in indian forests, upto the elevation of 1,500 m.
Product offered : Roots, stem
Uses : Bark of cutch tree is strong antioxidant, astringent, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and anti-fungal in nature.
It is useful in passive diarrhea, high blood pressure, dysentery, colitis, gastric problems, bronchial asthma, cough, leucorrhoea and leprosy. It is used as a mouthwash for mouth, gum, sore throat, gingivitis, dental and oral infections.
Heartwood is used to yield concentrated aqueous extract i.e. cutch. Cutch (extract) is astringent, cooling, and digestive. It is useful in cough, diarrhea, ulcers, boils and eruptions of the skin. Decoction of bark is given internally in case of leprosy. Helps to cure pile when taken with lemon regularly.
Botanical Name : Aconitum Heterophyllum
Family Name : Ranunculaceae
Common Name : Aconites, Indian Atees.
Part Used : Underground Stem And Roots.
Habitat : Present in alpine and sub-alpine region of himalayan region at altitudes between 1,800 - 4,500 m.
Product offered : Roots
Uses : The dried root is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antiperiodic, aphrodisiac, astringent, cholagogue, febrifuge and tonic. It is used in the treatment of liver disorders, dyspepsia, diarrhoea, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, throat pain, anorexia, piles and coughs.
Seeds are stimulant, aromatic, emmenaguogue, stomachic, carminative, anti-pyretic, hyperacidity, useful in hiccup and bad breath. It is regarded as a valuable tonic and digestive. Also used in the treatment of rheumatism, intermittent fevers and acute inflammatory infections.
Botanical Name : Adiantum Capillus
Family Name : Pteridaceae
Common Name : Maidenhair Fern, Lady Fern.
Part Used : Fronds, Leaves And Rhizomes.
Habitat : Woodland garden; dappled shade; shady edge and cultivated beds.
Product offered : Leaves, Wholeplant
Uses : Maidenhair fern is antioxidant, astringent, liver bile stimulator, blood cleanser, cardiotonic decongestant, detoxifier, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, depurative, antidandruff, vermifuge, hepatoprotective, hypocholesterolemic, hypoglycemic, hypotensive, stimulant and tonic. It is mainly useful in respiratory problems, hair loss, gallstones, liver problems, wounds, diabetes, skin problems, diarrhea, and dysentery. It is helpful to cure jaundice, convulsions and many chronic diseases.
Leaves are edible and used in making tea and other refreshing drinks. Leaves are used as garnished material on foods. It breaks up stone in the bladder, spleen, and kidneys. Paste of leaves is useful in headaches and chest pains.
Botanical Name : Annona Squamosa
Family Name : Annonaceae
Common Name : Custard Apple, Sugar Apple, Sweetsop, Kaner'apra, Pomme Canelle, Tapotapo, Fun Li Chi, Anon, Anona Blanca, Ati, Ates
Part Used : Annona Seeds, Annona Leaves, Annona Bark
Habitat : Through out india
Product offered : Seeds, Leaves, Oil
Uses : There are medicinal application of the custard apple tree. The bark and leaves contain annonaine, an alkaloid. A bark decoction is used to stop diarrhea, while the root is used in the treatment of dysentery. A decoction of the leaves is used as a cold remedy and to clarify urine. Annona squamosa Linn., family Annonaceae, is said to show varied medicinal effects, including insecticide, antiovulatory and abortifacient.The fruits of Annona are Haematinic, cooling, sedative, stimulant, expectorant, maturant, tonic. They are useful in anemia, burning sensation. The seeds are abortifacient and insecticidal and are useful in destroying lice in the hair. Leaves are used to overcome hysteria and fainting spells. Fruit is used in making of ice creams & milk beverages.
Botanical Name : Artocarpus Heterophyllus
Family Name : Moraceae
Common Name : Jack Fruit
Part Used : Seeds, Jack Fruit, Leaves
Product offered : Leaves, Seeds, Fruit
Uses : The leaves are useful in fever, boils, wounds , skin diseases. The young fruits are acrid, astringent, carminative and tonic. The ripe fruits are sweet, coolong, laxative, aphrodiasiae and tonic. The seeds are sweet, diuretic, aphrodisiac and constipating. The wood is nervine, sedative and is usefull on vonvulsions. The latex is usefull in dysopia, opthalmities and pharyngitis.The Chinese consider jackfruit pulp and seeds tonic, cooling and nutritious, and to be "useful in overcoming the influence of alcohol on the system." The seed starch is given to relieve biliousness and the roasted seeds are regarded as aphrodisiac. The ash of jackfruit leaves, burned with corn and coconut shells, is used alone or mixed with coconut oil to heal ulcers. The dried latex yields artostenone, convertible to artosterone, a compound with marked androgenic action. Mixed with vinegar, the latex promotes healing of abscesses, snakebite and glandular swellings. The root is a remedy for skin diseases and asthma. An extract of the root is taken in cases of fever and diarrhea. The bark is made into poultices. Heated leaves are placed on wounds. The wood has a sedative property; its pith is said to produce abortion. Fruits release a loose white mass that bleeds a milky, sticky sap often used as glue. Roots are credited with antidiarrhoeal property.
Botanical Name : Atropa Belladonna
Family Name : Asteraceae
Common Name : Belladonna, Deadly Nightshade, Witch’s Berry, Death’s Herb.
Part Used : Leaves And Roots
Habitat : Found in shade forests lies between 2,500-3000 m.
Product offered : Leaves
Uses : It is narcotic, mydriatic, antidote, diuretic, analgesic, antispasmodic, laxative, hallucinogenic and sedative.
It is mainly used to dilate pupils in eye diseases, bladder and kidney diseases, bladder and ureteral spasms, intestinal and biliary colic, cold, flu, pain and asthma. It is also helpful in airway obstruction, ear infection, headache, nervous system disorders, premenstrual syndrome, radiation burn and menopausal symptoms. It is applied as a lotion in case of neuralgia, gout, rheumatism and sciatica. It is also used for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome and acute enterocolitis and as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of duodenal ulcers. Extract is having Pseudoephedrine-like qualities and thus is used for clearing up nasal and other passages where mucus forms.
Botanical Name : Bauhinia Variegata
Family Name : Caesalpiniaceae
Common Name : Orchid, Yellow Bell, Yellow Bauhinia, Bosbeesklou, Geelbeesklou, Isithibathibana, St Thomas Tree.
Part Used : Roots, Bark
Habitat : Cultivated in manila and in other towns.
Product offered : Bark
Uses : It can be used in cough conditions, asthma, abdominal distention also acts as a gargle for sore throats, prevent from skin diseases, or internally as a remedy for diarrhoea. It is helpful in managing skin discoloration, veiling, baldness, conditions involving bilious. Bark is alterative, anthelmintic, astringent and tonic. Paste of the bark is useful in the treatment of cuts and wounds, skin diseases, scrofula and ulcer. The dried buds are used in the treatment of piles, dysentery, diarrhoea and worms.
Botanical Name : Berberis Aristata
Family Name : Berberidaceae
Common Name : Tree Turmeric, Indian Barberry, Ophthalmic Barberry.
Part Used : Bark, Fruit, Root, Stem And Wood.
Habitat : It is found in himalayan region, distributed from kashmir to uttarakhand.
Product offered : Bark, stem
Uses : The plant is anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, astringent, alternative, antipyretic, antiperiodic, anti-septic, anti-cancer, bitter, cholagogue, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, laxative, stomachic and sweat-inducing.
It is mainly used in eye diseases, haemorrhoids, amenorrhoea, leucorrhoea, piles, sores, peptic ulcers, dysentery, heartburn, indigestion, hepatitis, intermittent fever, and chronic ophthalmia. An infusion of root is useful in treatment of malaria, skin diseases, diarrhea and jaundice. A decoction is used as mouthwash for treating swollen gums and toothache. It is also used to treat infections, eczema, parasites, psoriasis, and vaginitis. Roots are hypoglycemic, antiinflammatory and stimulate the cardiovascular system. Root bark is anticoagulant and hypotensive in nature.
Botanical Name : Bombax Ceiba
Family Name : Bombacaceae
Common Name : Red Silk Cotton Tree, Cotton Tree, Indian Bombax, Kapok .
Part Used : Roots, Gum, Bark, Flowers, Seeds.
Habitat : It is found in eastern-himalayan regions, abundant in assam and west bengal.
Product offered : Leaves, Flowers, Seeds
Uses : The roots are sweet, cooling, stimulant, restorative, astringent, alternative, aphrodisiac, demulcent, emetic and tonic. It is used in the treatment of diarrhea, dysentery, menorrhagia, styptic and for wounds.
The gum is cooling, astringent, stimulant, aphrodisiac, tonic and demulcent in nature. It is useful in dysentery, hemoptysis, pulmonary tuberculosis, influenza, burning sensation, menorrhagia and enteritis.
Bark is mucilaginous, demulcent, emetic and tonic. Used for healing wounds and to stop bleeding.
Flowers are astringent and good for skin troubles and haemorrhoids.
Seeds are useful in treating gonorrhea and chronic cystitis. A paste made out of prickles is god for restoring skin color especially on the face. Young fruits are useful in calculus affections, chronic inflammations and ulceration of bladder and kidney.
Botanical Name : Acorus Calmus
Family Name : Araceae
Common Name : Calamus, Sweet-flag, Sweet Root, Bach.
Part Used : Dried Rhizome
Habitat : North temperate and subtropical regions upto 2200m altitude in himalayas.
Product offered : Roots,oil
Uses : It is nauseant, stomachic, anthelmentic, stimulants, emetic, expectorant, carminative, antispasmodic and nervine sedative. Rhizome is used in the cure of host of diseases such as epilepsy, mental; ailments, chronic diarrhoea and dysentery. It is used in incense sticks and dhup and is widely used as insecticide for lice, bedbugs, worms etc. It is used internally in the treatment of digestive complaints, bronchitis, sinusitis etc.
It is also used externally to treat skin eruptions, rheumatic pains and neuralgia.
Botanical Name : Callicarpa Macrophylla
Family Name : Verbenaceae
Common Name : Beauty Berry
Part Used : Flowers, Fruits
Habitat : Western himalaya from kashmir to assam, arunachal pradesh and in northern andhra pradesh, also in maharashtra, uttar pradesh and uttaranchal.
Product offered : Leaves, Fruit
Uses : The flowers and fruits are bitter, sweet, astringent, acrid, anodyne, stomatitis, expectorant, depurative, anthelmintic, deodorant, digestive, styptic, febrifuge and good tonic.
Flowers and fruits are useful in rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, catarrh, anorexia, headache, foul ulcers, flatulence, colic diarrhea, dysentery, skin diseases, burning sensation, excessive sweating, diabetes, vomiting, fever and general debility. Leaves are useful in gout and arthralgia. Root is chewed to relieve rashes on the tongue.
Botanical Name : Cassia Angustifolia
Family Name : Caesalpinaceae
Common Name : Senna, Indian Senna, Tinnervelly Senna, Cassia Senna.
Part Used : Pods, Stems And Leaves.
Habitat : Cultivated in dry lands of southern & western india, and indegenous to arabia.
Product offered : Leaves, Fruit, Pod
Uses : It is recognised by British and US pharmacopoeias. It is useful in habitual costiveness. It lowers bowels, increases peristaltic movements of the colon by its local action upon the intestinal wall. It is used as expectorant, wound dresser, antidysentric, carminative and laxative. Useful in loss of appetite, hepatomegaly, spleenomegaly, indigestion, malaria, skin diseases, jaundice and anaemia. Leaves are made into a paste, and applied to various skin diseases.
Botanical Name : Cassia Fistula
Family Name : Caesulpinaceae
Common Name : Fistula, Laburnum, Purging Fistula, Golden Shower, Amaltas
Part Used : Fruits, Bark
Habitat : Grows in valleys upto 1200 m in himalayas.
Product offered : Seeds, Fruit, Pod, Fruit pulp
Uses : Roots are astringent, cooling, purgative, febrifuge and tonic. it is useful in skin diseases, burning sensations and syphilis. Bark is laxative, anthelmintic, emetic, febrifuge, diuretic and depurative. It is useful in boils, leprosy, ringworm affection, colic, dyspepsia, constipation, diabetes, strangury and cardiac problems. Leaves are laxative, antiperiodic and depurative. It is useful in skin diseases, burning sensation, dry cough and bronchitis. Fruits are sweet, cooling, purgative, carminative, anti-inflammatory, diuretic and ophthalmic. It is used in flatulence, colic, dysentery, inflammations and intermittent fever. It is also used in cardiac disorders, strangury, opthalmopathy and general debility. Pulp from fruits called "Cassia Pulp" is a well known Laxative. Bark of tree is rich in tannins. Flowers are bitter, acrid, cooling, emollient, purgative and are useful in vitiated condition of pitta, burning sensation, leprosy and skin diseases. It is also useful in cardiac disorders, intermittent fever and general debility.
Botanical Name : Cedrus Deodara
Family Name : Zingiberaceae
Common Name : Cedarwood, Cedarwood Oil
Part Used : Rhizomes
Habitat : Grows wild in damp deciduous forests
Product offered : Leaves, Wood, Oil
Uses : Bark of the herb is a good remedy in remittent and intermittent fevers, diarrhea and dysentery. The powder is used in the treatment of ulcers. It is particularly valuable for the treatment of bilious fevers and inveterate diarrhea arising from atony of the muscular fiber.
Cedarwood oil, extracted from the herb, is used for catarrhal conditions of the respiratory tract. It is an expectorant. It is also useful for ulcers and skin diseases.
Cedarwood oils each have characteristic woody odours, which may change somewhat in the course of drying out. The crude oils are often yellowish or even darker in colour and some, such as Texas cedarwood oil, are quite viscous and deposit crystals on standing. They find use (sometimes after rectification) in a range of fragrance applications such as soap perfumes, household sprays, floor polishes and insecticides. Small quantities are used in microscope work as a clearing oil.
In India, Cedrus deodara oil has been shown to possess insecticidal and antifungal properties and to have some potential for control of fungal deterioration of spices during storage. Decoction of the wood is used in the treatment of fevers, flatulence, pulmonary and urinary disorders, rheumatism, piles, kidney stones, insomnia and diabetes. The leaves are bitter, acrid, thermogenic and are useful in inflammations and tubercular glands. However, its commercial use for this purpose remains, at present, speculation.
Botanical Name : Cichorium Intybus
Family Name : Asteraceae
Common Name : Chicory, Endive, Succory.
Part Used : Chicory Flowers
Habitat : Cultivated through out india.
Product offered : Seeds
Uses : It was believed that the plant could purify the blood and liver, while others have relied on the herb for its power to cure passions of the heart. Chicory continues to be a popular herbal remedy due to its healing effects on several ailments. Chicory is taken internally for loss of appetite, jaundice, gallstones, gout and rheumatism. In addition, the leaves of chicory may also be used as compresses to be applied externally to ease skin inflammations and swellings. As a mild diuretic, it increases the elimination of fluid from the body, leading to its use as a treatment for rheumatism and gout. The root and the leaves are appetizer, cholagogue, depurative, digestive, diuretic, hypoglycaemic, laxative and tonic. It favors blood circulation by making blood more fluid and allowing it a better travel through vein and arteries.
Botanical Name : Curcuma Zedoaria
Family Name : Zingiberaceae
Common Name : Zedoary Root, White Turmeric.
Part Used : Rhizomes
Habitat : Weed found all over india.
Product offered : Rhizome, Oil
Uses : Roots are pungent tasting, warming and slightly aromatic. Improves blood circulation, anticontusion and improves menstrual flow. It helps in abdominal cramps, amenorrhea-abdominal pain and rheumatic pain. It also helps in pain and swelling associated with sprains.
The bitter tincture of zedoary root is used to prevent disease recurrence and to treat ulcers. Aromatic, stimulant, useful in flatulent colic and debility of the digestive organs. It is used in antiperiodic pills and zedoary bitter tincture. It is active in dyspepsia, colic, vomiting, cough and menstrual disorders. It is also used as a restorative.
Botanical Name : Cydonia Oblonga
Family Name : Rosaceae
Common Name : Quince Seeds
Part Used : Seeds
Habitat : Native to south west and central asia.
Product offered : Seeds
Uses : Quince has been used as a medicine since ages. It is used as an infusion to treat sore throat, diarrhoea and haemorrhage of the bowel. It is effective against inflammation of the mucous membranes, intestines and stomach. Quince seeds are also used in the cosmetic industry and for medicinal cosmetics. The seeds, soaked or boiled in water, release the mucilage from the seed coat and make a jelly-like consistency, which has been used for sore throats and eye lotions. The seeds contain significant quantity of mucilage and are helpful in treating bronchitis and as a bulk laxative. Mucilage is also applied externally to minor burns etc. Quinces have also been used for flavoring apple pies, ices and confections.
Botanical Name : Ficus Benghalensis
Family Name : Moraceae
Common Name : Banyan, Vada Tree, Indian Banyan, Figuier Des Pagodes, East Indian Figtree
Part Used : Aerial Root, Bark, Leaves, Buds, Fruits, Latex.
Habitat : Throughout india from sea-level to 1200 m.
Product offered : Leaves, Seeds, Whole plant, Fruit
Uses : According to Ayurveda, it is astringent to bowels and very useful in treatment of biliousness, vaginal complains, fever, ulcers, erysipelas, vomiting, inflammations and leprosy. According to Unani system of medicine, latex is maturant, lessens inflammations, aphrodisiac, tonic, vulernary and is useful in piles, nose-diseases, gonorrhea etc. The aerial root is styptic and is useful in syphilis, biliousness, dysentery and inflammation of liver. It acts as an astringent, antidiarrheal, antidysenteric, hemostatic and antihemorrhoidal. The tree is widely planted for shade and its leafs are used for fodder.
Botanical Name : Linum Usitatissimum
Family Name : Linaceae
Common Name : Flax Seeds, Linseed
Part Used : Flax Seeds, Flax Seed Oil, Leaves & Roots.
Habitat : Cultivated throughout india.
Product offered : Leaves, Seeds, Oil
Uses : It is used internally in habitual constipation, functional disorders of the colon resulting from the misuse of laxatives and irritable colon, as a demulcent preparation in gastritis and enteritis.Externally, the powdered seeds or the press-cake are used as an emollient, in poultices for boils, carbuncles and other skin afflictions. The oil pressed from the seed (linseed oil) has been used for a variety of industrial purposes and the oil-free meal could be fed to livestock. In addition to usage of seed for industrial purposes, whole flaxseed is used extensively in baked goods in Europe. They are even used to stuff pillows for Therapeutic purposes. Seed poultice is also useful in bronchitis and other deep-seated inflammation is recommended for gouty and rheumatic swellings. The mucilage is dropped into the eye in irritable condition of conjunctiva.
Botanical Name : Helicteres Isora
Family Name : Sterculiaceae
Common Name : East Indian Screw Tree, Nut Leaved Screw Tree.
Part Used : Root, Bark And Fruits.
Habitat : Throughout india in deciduous forests.
Product offered : Pods
Uses : The roots and stem barks are expectorant, demulcent, astringent, constipating, lactifuge and antiglactagogue. They are useful in colic, scabies, biliousness, thoracic empyema, gastric problems, diabetes, diarrhea and dysentery.
Fruits are acrid, astringent, refrigerant, demulcent, stomachic, vermifuge, and haemostatic. They are useful in ophthalmic, flatulence, diarrhea, dysentery, wounds, ulcers, hemorrhages and diabetes. The powdered seeds are used to cure ulcers in ears, dysentery and stomachache. It has Insulin-sensitizing and hypolipidemic property and has the potential for use in the treatment of type-2 diabetes. Root juice is used in antidiarrhoeal and antidysenteric formulations.
Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis
Botanical Name : Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis
Family Name : Malvaceae
Common Name : Hibiscus Flower, Lipstick Flower, China Rose, Shoeback Plant, Kinaros, Aute.
Part Used : Leaves And Flowers.
Habitat : Commonly cultivated as a garden ornamental shrub from sea level to 500m.
Product offered : Leaves, Flower
Uses : Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis helps in inducing abortion, provide treatment for headache. Young leaves are sometimes used as a spinach substitute. Flowers can also be made into a kind of pickle or used as a purple dye for colouring foods such as preserved fruits and cooked vegetables. Root is edible but very fibrousy. Its also good for hair treatment.„h The leaves and flowers are beaten into a paste and poulticed onto cancerous swellings and mumps. The leaves are anodyne, aperient, emollient and laxative. A decoction is used as a lotion in the treatment of fevers.
Botanical Name : Holarrhena Antidysenterica
Family Name : Apocynaceae
Common Name : Bitter Oleander, Connessi Bark, Kurchi Bark, , Dysentery Rose Bay, Tellicherry Bark
Part Used : Bark, Seeds
Habitat : Grows wild in mountains
Product offered : Bark, Seeds
Uses : It is one of the best drug for diarrhoea. In chronic diarrhoea & to check blood coming from stool, it should be given with Isobgol, caster oil or Indrayav.
According to Ayurveda, the bark is useful in treatment of piles, skin diseases and biliousness.
The bark is used externally in case of skin troubles. The bark is mostly mixed with cow urine and applies it in affected parts. In treatment of urinary troubles, the bark is given with cow milk. The fresh juice of bark is considered good to check the diarrhoea. In bleeding piles Decoction of Kutaj bark with sunthi checks mucus & blood. Application of this herb is useful in Rh. Arthritis & Osteoarthritis. The bark is used in chest affections and as a remedy in diseases of the skin and spleen. It is a well known herb for amoebic dysentery and other gastric disorders.
Botanical Name : Hyoscyamus Niger
Family Name : Solanaceae
Common Name : Henbane, Niger Seed, Bird Feed, Black Henbane, Common Henbane
Part Used : Seeds
Habitat : It is cultivated in asia, europe, north-africa, england and germany
Product offered : Seeds
Uses : It is widely used as a nutritious Bird feed. Gastric, or intestinal cramps, diarrhea, neuralgia, cough hysteria, manis, skin inflammation and boils. Niger seeds has anodyne, narcotic and mydriatic properties, employed as a sedative in nervous infections. In veterinary practice used as urinary sedative. The seed is used in the treatment of asthma, cough, epilepsy, myalgia and toothache. The plant is used internally in the treatment of asthma, whooping cough and motion sickness.
Botanical Name : Lantana Camara
Family Name : Verbenaceae
Common Name : Lantana Weed, Wild Sage, Shrub Verbena, Yellow Sage.
Part Used : Lantana Leaves, Lantana Fruits.
Habitat : Cultivated in specific areas.
Product offered : Leaves, Roots, Flower
Uses : It has several uses, mainly as a herbal medicine and in some areas as firewood and mulch. The leaves are used to relieve itching. Other uses are against flu, colds, coughs, fevers, yellow fever, dysentery and jaundice. The roots are used for gonorrhea. The use of lantana extracts as potential biocides have been suggested.
Lantana oil is sometimes used for the treatment of skin itches, as an antiseptic for wounds and externally for leprosy and scabies. Lantana repels other plants and other groups of organisms such as insects. Lantana oil is used externally for leprosy and scabies. Plant extracts are used as medicine for the treatment of cancers, chicken pox, measles, asthma, ulcers, swellings, eczema, tumors, high blood pressure, bilious fevers, catarrhal infections, tetanus, rheumatism, malaria and atoxy of abdominal viscera.
Botanical Name : Lepidium Sativum
Family Name : Cruciferae
Common Name : Garden Cress, Pepper Grass, Garden Pepper Cress, Pepper Wort.
Part Used : Roots, Leaves And Seeds.
Habitat : Cultivated throughout india as a culinary vegetable.
Product offered : Seeds
Uses : Seeds are bitter, thermogenic, depurative, galactagogue, emmenagogue, tonic, aphrodisiac, ophthalmic and diuretic. It is useful in leprosy, skin diseases, dysentery, diarrhea, dyspepsia, eye diseases, leucorrhoea, scurvy, asthma, cough, cold and seminal weakness.
Roots are bitter and acrid. It is useful in secondary syphilis and tenesmus.
Leaves are stimulant, diuretic and antibacterial. It is useful in scurvy and hepatopathy. Seeds are abortifacient, they have been applied as a poultice to pains and hurts and have also been used as an aperient. The seed yields up to 58% of edible oil that can also be used for lighting.
Botanical Name : Mimosa Pudica
Family Name : Fabaceae
Common Name : Touch Me Not
Part Used : Root, Flower, Leaves, And Stem.
Habitat : Common in well-drained soil, disturbed areas, and lawns of india.
Product offered : Wholeplant, Seeds
Uses : Decoction of root is used with water to gargle to reduce toothache. It is very useful in diarrhea (athisaara), amoebic dysentery (raktaatisaara), bleeding piles and urinary infections.
It arrests bleeding and fastens the wound healing process. It is mainly used in herbal preparations for gynecological disorders. It has been said to have medicinal properties to cure skin diseases. It is also used in conditions like bronchitis, general weakness and impotence. It is also used to treat neurological problems. Root is bitter, acrid, cooling, vulnerary, alexipharmic and used in treatment of biliousness, leprosy, dysentery, inflammations, burning sensation, fatigue, asthma, leucoderma, blood diseases etc. Decoction of leaves is used for diabetes.
Botanical Name : Myristica Fragrans
Family Name : Myristicaceae
Common Name : Nutmeg
Part Used : Seed Kernels
Habitat : Grown in southern-india, particularly in tamil nadu.
Product offered : Fruits, Seeds, Oil
Uses : It is aromatic, carminative, digestive, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, lactagogue, aphrodisiac, hypnotic, hallucinogenic, antispasmodic and stimulant agent.
Helps relieving flatulency, useful in nausea, stomachache, vomiting, diarrhea associated with cholera. Also useful in diseases of the liver, spleen, headaches, palsy and eye troubles.
Nutmeg is used as spice, in bakery and confectionery items. Nutmeg oil stimulates the heart and circulation, activates the mind and revives people from fainting spells. The oil has good anti-inflammatory action, and is also successful in relieving pain, especially muscular aches and pain, as well as rheumatism.
Botanical Name : Nymphaea Lotus
Family Name : Nymphaeaceae
Common Name : White Lotus, White Water Lilly
Part Used : Flowers, Roots, Leaves, Stem
Habitat : Through out warmer parts of india, in tanks, ponds and ditches
Product offered : Flowers,Roots,Leave
Uses : The rhizomes is cooling, sweet, bitter and tonic and is useful in diarrhoea, dysentery, dipsia and general debility. The flowers are astringent and cardiotonic. The seeds are sweet, cooling, constipating, aphrodisiac, stomachic and restorative. It has found uses both as a culinary delight and starchy food staple as well as being used internally as a treatment for gastrointestinal disorders and jaundice. Leaf is used in cutaneous, subcutaneous parasitic infection, eye treatments, and pregnancy. Seeds are used in sauces, condiments, spices and flavorings.
Botanical Name : Oroxylum Indicum
Family Name : Bignoniaceae
Common Name : Indian Trumpet Tree
Part Used : Roots, Leaves, Fruits, Seeds.
Habitat : Throughout india in deciduous forests and in moist areas.
Product offered : Bark
Uses : The roots are sweet, astringent, bitter, acrid, refrigerant, expectorant, digestive, carminative, febrifuge, diuretic, antimicrobial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory and tonic. They are useful for vata and kapha, dropsy, flatulence, colic, diarrhea and dysentery.
Stem bark paste is applied for the cure of scabies and to treat arthritis.
Leaf decoction is given in treating stomachache, ulcers, rheumatism pain and enlarged spleen.
Mature fruits are useful in treating cough, bronchitis, piles, jaundice dyspepsia, smallpox, colic, leucoderma, pharngodymia, cardiac disorders, gastropathy, hemorrhoids and cholera.
Seeds are used as purgative. Dried seed powder used by women to induce conception. Seeds yield non-drying oil used in perfume industry. Stem bark and fruits are employed as mordent, the stem bark yields a khaki color dye. The decoction of the roots is commonly used for arthritis. Used externally as a paste of its skin of roots, it dries up the discharges and promotes the wound healing.
Botanical Name : Oxalis Corniculata
Family Name : Oxalidaceae
Common Name : Yellow Wood Sorrel, Indian Sorrel
Part Used : Whole Plant
Habitat : Common in damp shady places, roadsides, plantations and lawns in india.
Product offered : Wholeplant
Uses : Oxalis Corniculata plant is anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, astringent, depurative, diuretic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, lithontripic, stomachic and styptic. It is used in the treatment of influenza, fever, urinary tract infections, enteritis, diarrhea, traumatic injuries, sprains and poisonous snake bites. An infusion can be used as a wash to rid children of hookworms. The plant is a good source of vitamin C and is used as an antiscorbutic in the treatment of scurvy.
The leaves are used as an antidote to poisoning by the seeds of Datura spp., arsenic and mercury. The leaf juice is applied to insect bites, burns and skin eruptions. It has an antibacterial activity.
Yellow, orange and red to brown dyes are obtained from the flowers. The boiled whole plant yields a yellow dye. An infusion of leaves is used to remove opacities of the cornea and is dropped into the eyes for itching lids. A decoction of leaves is used as a gargle.
Botanical Name : Piper Nigrum
Family Name : Piperaceae
Common Name : Black Pepper, Peppercorns
Part Used : Dried Unripe Fruits, Usually Known As Peppercorns
Habitat : Extensively cultivated in hotter and moist part of india.
Product offered : Wholeplant, Fruits
Uses : Piper Nigrum or Black pepper oil can be used to help in the treatment of pain relief, rheumatism, chills, flu, colds, increase circulation, exhaustion, muscular aches, physical and emotional coldness, nerve tonic and fevers. It furthermore increases the flow of saliva, stimulates appetite, encourages peristalsis, tones the colon muscles and is a general digestive tonic. Sometimes it is used in place of cubebs for gonorrhoea. As a gargle it is valued for relaxed uvula, paralysis of the tongue. On account of its stimulant action it aids digestion and is especially useful in atonic dyspepsia and turbid condition of the stomach. It will correct flatulence and nausea. It has also been used in vertigo, paralytic and arthritic disorders. It has also been advised in diarrhoea, cholera, scarlatina and in solution for a wash for tinea capititis. Externally it is used for its rubefacient properties and as a local application for relaxed sore throat and some skin diseases. Its oleoresin has bacteriostatic and fungistatic properties.
Botanical Name : Pongamia Pinnata
Family Name : Fabaceae (leguminaceae)
Common Name : Indian Beech, Poongam Oil Tree, Honge, Ponge.
Part Used : Root, Bark, Leaves, Flowers, Seed Oil
Habitat : Pongamia is widely distributed in tidal and beach forests of india.
Product offered : Seeds
Uses : Pongamia seeds and oil is anthelmintic, styptic, and depurative. It is useful in rheumatism arthritis, whooping cough, skin alinments and scabies. Seed oil is mainly used in cosmetics, in soap making and as a lubricant. Seed oil is also used as insecticidal, nematicidal and bactericidal.
Flowers are useful to quench dipsia in diabetes and for alleviating vata and kapha.
Leaves are digestive, laxative and useful in flatulence, dyspepsia, diarrhea, leprosy and cough.
Bark is anthelmintic and used in pesticides. Dried leaves are used in stored grains to repel insects. The bark also yields a black gum that is used to treat wounds caused by poisonous fish.
Botanical Name : Plantago Ovata
Family Name : Plantaginaceae
Common Name : Psyllium Husk, Psyllium Seeds, Plantago, Ispaghula, Fleam, Spogel Seeds, Isabgol
Part Used : Husk, Seed
Habitat : Psyllium husk, psyllium seeds, plantago, ispaghula, fleam, spogel seeds, isabgol
Product offered : Hull
Uses : It is diuretic, emollient and cooling. Used in inflammatory conditions of mucous membrane of gastro intestinal and genitourinary tracts. Very well known as a laxative. It restores proper bowel movements and used in treatment of chronic constipation, amoebic and bucillary dysentery. Psyllium husk and seeds are formal Pharmacopoeia. Crushed seeds made into a poultice are applied to rheumatic and glandular swellings. The seed mucilage is used in cosmetics and as a basic stabilizer in ice cream industry.
Botanical Name : Punica Granatum
Family Name : Puniacaceae
Common Name : Pomegranate, Anar
Part Used : Seeds,flowers
Habitat : Commonly cultivated as ornamental and fruit tree.
Product offered : Leaves, Seeds, Fruit, Oil, Flower
Uses : A decotion of seed is used to treat syphilis. Juice used to treat jaundice and diarrhoea. Juice of flower is used to treat nose bleeds. The fruit pulp and the seed are stomachic. Dried, pulverized flower buds are employed as a remedy for bronchitis.
Seeds are used as a seasoning in dal, fried samosa, stuffings and chutneys.
Botanical Name : Aegle Marmelos
Family Name : Rutaceae
Common Name : Bael, Quince, Apple Wood, Holy Fruit Tree
Part Used : Bark,fruit Pulp, Leaves.
Habitat : Found all over decidious forests in india.
Product offered : Fruits, Leaves, Bark, Fruit pulp
Uses : It is antiscorbutic, carminative, alternative and nutritive. It is used in constipation, dysentery and diarrhoea. It is aromatic, astringent, cooling, febrifuge and also acts as tonic for heart and brain. Unripe & half-ripe fruits are used to improve appetite and digestion.
Leaves are used for treating diabetes, jaundice, cholera, asthma and ophthalmia.
Botanical Name : Saussurea Lappa
Family Name : Asteraceae (compositae)
Common Name : Costus, Kut Root
Part Used : Roots
Habitat : The plant is lies at an altitude of 2,600-3,600 m in the himalayan region and in kashmir and himachal pradesh.
Product offered : Roots
Uses : The roots are bitter, acrid, sweet, thermogenic, aromatic, deodorant, aphrodisiac, anodyne, carminative, digestive, stomachic, diaphoretic, stimulant, alternate, depurative, galatagogue, diuretic, disinfectant, antibacterial, antispasmodic, expectorant, febrifuge, skin stimulant and tonic.
Roots are useful in chronic and foul ulcers, cough, asthma, bronchitis, flatulence, cholera, leprosy, leucoderma, jaundice, liver problems, skin diseases, ringworm, diarrhea, dysentery, fever, hiccough, hysteria, cardiac disorder, gout, and general debility.
Aromatic roots are also used in obtaining essential oil, which is used in perfumeries, incenses, and in hair tonic. Oil from the root is very beneficial in the treatment of rheumatism. It is used in the treatment of swelling and fullness of the stomach.
Botanical Name : Spilanthes Acmella
Family Name : Compositae
Common Name : Toothache Plant
Part Used : Leaves, Flowers
Habitat : Spread throughout india, ascending upto 1700 m.
Product offered : Roots
Uses : The most common and widespread use is to treat toothache and throat and gum infections. Worldwide the flower heads are used either fresh or dried and powdered, but the use of roots and leaves has been recommended as well. The plant is further recommended as a cure for dysentery and rheumatism, and to enhance the immune system. It increases the flow of saliva and is useful in fever especially during summers. It is used against blood parasites, especially against malaria, both prophylactic and curative.
The herb exhibits general immunomodulator properties when used internally, boosting production of leukocytes and antiviral interferon, as well as promoting phagocytosis. The leaves may also used to treat bacterial and fungal skin diseases. The internal use of this herb stimulates an increased rate of phagocytosis.
It stimulates wound healing, protects the individual from colds and flu.
Botanical Name : Symplocos Racemosa
Family Name : Symplocaceae
Common Name : Symplocos Bark
Part Used : Bark
Habitat : It is found in the plains and lower hills of north and east india and in himalayas upto 1,400-m altitude.
Product offered : Bark
Uses : Bark is astringent, refrigerant, ophthalmic, expectorant, anti-inflammatory, hypothermic, astringent, depurative, febrifuge, haemostatic, stomachic and suppurative.
Bark is used to treat haemorrhage, acne and pimples, eye diseases, spongy and bleeding gums, leucorrhea, wounds, ulcers, tumors, leprosy, skin diseases, asthma, bronchitis, dropsy, arthritis, fever, menstrual disorders, liver diseases, menorrhagia, diarrhea, dysentery, and bowel complaints. A decoction of the bark or wood is used as a gargle for giving firmness to spongy and bleeding gums. It is one of the constituent of a plaster used to promote maturation of boils and other malignant growth.
Botanical Name : Syzygium Cumini
Family Name : Myrtaceae
Common Name : Eugenia Jambolana, Plum, Black Plum, Jaman, Jambolan
Part Used : Seeds, Leaves, Fruits, Bark
Habitat : Throughout india, in forests upto 1,800 m usually along river banks and also cultivated.
Product offered : Leaves, Seeds, Bark, Fruits
Uses : The leaves are antibacterial, and are used for strengthening the teeth and gums. The fruit and seeds are sweet, acrid, sour, tonic and cooling. They are used in diabetes, diarrhoea and ringworm. The bark is astringent, sweet sour, diuretic, digestive and anthelmintic. Leaves are used as poultices on skin diseases. Decoction of the fruit is used in case of enlargement of the spleen.
Botanical Name : Tamarindus Indica
Family Name : Caesalpiniacae
Common Name : Tamarind, Tamarindo, Tamarin, Sampalok
Part Used : Roots, Fruits, Seeds
Habitat : Throughout india, especially in the south india and often cultivated.
Product offered : Seeds, Fruit, Fruit pulp
Uses : The seeds are also edible and valuable for human consumption and are commonly sold on local markets in many countries. They are peeled and roasted or boiled. Leaves, flowers and fruits provide good animal fodder, but can also be used for various foods A red dye can be obtained from the leaves and a yellow dye from the flowers. Over-ripe fruits are used to clean and brighten silver, copper and brass, and Indian silver smiths polish their goods with a strong infusion of roots mixed with sea salt.
The fruits are widely used as a remedy against fever, intestinal diseases and diarrhoea. The pulp is used against malaria and on wounds and haemorrhoids.
Powdered seeds are used against dysentery. Pulverised bark ashes are used for colic and digestive disorders. It cures dysentery and boils on human skin. The fruit pulp is used as a laxative, the bark is used to cure sore throats, the leaves are used for stomach problems, and the roots are used to treat heart pains. Crushed leaves are put on wounds and abscesses. Juice from crushed leaves is taken with porridge to stop vomiting.
The pulp is used for making sauces, curries and beverages. Due to its denseness and durability, tamarind heartwood can be used in making furniture and wood flooring. A preparation from the seed is useful for sizing cotton, woolens and jute fabrics and dying silk. The seed oil serves as a varnish for toys, dolls, idols, etc. Tamarind leaves and flowers, dried or boiled, are used as poultices for swollen joints, sprains and boils. Lotions and extracts made from them are used in treating conjunctivitis, as antiseptics, as vermifuges, treatments for dysentery, jaundice, erysipelas and hemorrhoids and various other ailments.
Botanical Name : Tephrosia Purpurea
Family Name : Fabaceae
Common Name : Fish Poison, Wild Indigo
Part Used : Root, Leaves, Bark.
Habitat : Throughout india
Product offered : Wholeplant, Leaves
Uses : It is used traditionally as folk medicine. According to Ayurveda, plant is digestible, anthelmintic, alexiteric, leprosy, ulcers, antipyretic, alternative, cures diseases of liver, spleen, heart, blood, tumours, asthma etc. A decoction of the roots is given in dyspepsia, diarrhoea, rheumatism, asthma and urinary disorders. The root powder is salutary for brushing the teeth. It quickly relieves the dental pains and arrests bleeding.
Botanical Name : Triticum Sativum
Family Name : Poaceae
Common Name : Wheat, Bread Wheat, Common Wheat
Part Used : Grains
Habitat : Widely cultivated in india.
Product offered : Leaves, Wholeplant
Uses : It is the source of flour for the world's bread making. Main use is for flour and breadstuffs known by various names throughout the world. Grain also is the source of alcoholic beverages, beer, industrial alcohol made into synthetic rubber and explosives. Bran from flour milling also an important livestock feed. Germ is valuable addition to feed concentrate.
Grain fed to livestock whole or coarsely ground. Starch is used for pastes and sizing textiles. The seeds are used in folk remedies for cancers, corns, tumors, warts and whitlow
It is used as a shampoo and vulnerary, common wheat is a folk remedy for burns, warts, whitlow, diarrhea, dysentery, ecchymosis, epistaxis, fertility, fever, flux, gravel, hematuria, hemoptysis, cancer, hemorrhage, incontinence, leprosy, menorrhagia, neurasthenia, night sweat, perspiration, scald, tumor and wounds. The young stems are used in the treatment of biliousness and intoxication. It is also used in the treatment of night sweats and spontaneous sweating.
Tylophora Indica ( T. Asthmatica)
Botanical Name : Tylophora Indica ( T. Asthmatica)
Family Name : Asclepiadaceae
Common Name : Emetic Swallow-wory, Indian Ipecac
Part Used : Leaves, Roots
Habitat : Throughout india, found in the plains, forests, hilly slopes and outskirts of the forest upto 900m.
Product offered : Roots
Uses : The leaves and roots have emetic, cathartic, laxative, expectorant, diaphoretic and purgative properties. It has also been used for the treatment of allergies, cold, dysentery, hay fever and arthritis. It has reputation as an alterative and as a blood purifier, often used in rheumatism and syphilitic rheumatism. Root or leaf powder is used in diarrhoea, dysentery and intermittent fever. Dried leaves are emetic diaphoretic and expectorant. It is regarded as one of the best indigenous substitute for ipecacuanha. The roots are suggested to be a good natural preservative of food.
It is traditionally used as a folk remedy in certain regions of India for the treatment of bronchial asthma , inflammation , bronchitis, allergies, rheumatism and dermatitis. It also seems to be a good remedy in traditional medicine as anti-psoriasis, seborrheic, anaphylactic, leucopenia and as an inhibitor of the Schultz-Dale reaction. The roots are suggested to be a good natural preservative of food.